Common Name(s): Austrian Pine, European Black Pine.
Scientific Name: Pinus nigra.
Distribution: Mediterranean regions of Europe and Asia Minor.
Color/Appearance: Heartwood is light reddish brown, wide sapwood is pale yellow to nearly white.
Grain/Texture: Grain is straight, with a medium, even texture.
Odor: Austrian Pine has a mild, resinous odor when being worked.
Common Uses: Paper (pulpwood), boxes/crates, and construction lumber.
Comments: Austrian Pine has at least two recognized subspecies, as well as a number of varieties. Recently, the species has been afflicted by the fungal disease known as red band needle blight, causing a major decline in the species in the United Kingdom.